Santiago Calatrava Valls (born July 28, 1951) is an internationally recognized and award-winning Valencian Spanish architect, sculptor and structural engineer whose principal office is in Zurich, Switzerland. Classed now among the elite designers of the world, he has offices in Zurich, Paris and Valencia. Calatrava was born in Benimámet,Spain, where he pursued undergraduate studies at the Architecture School and Arts and Crafts School. Following graduation in 1975, he enrolled in the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zurich, Switzerland, for graduate work in civil engineering. In 1981, after completing his doctoral thesis, "On the Foldability of Space Frames", he started his architecture and engineering practice.
Calatrava’s style has been heralded as bridging the division between structural engineering and architecture. He derives his inspiration from,a tradition of Spanish modernist engineering that includes Félix Candela and Antonio Gaudí. Nonetheless, his style is very personal and derives from numerous studies he makes of the human body and the natural world. Calatrava is also a prolific sculptor and painter, claiming that the practice of architecture combines all the arts into one. He is an organic architect who finds his inspiration in the human body and in nature and, because of his background in both architecture and engineering, he has learned to combine sculptural concepts with technology to create designs that are both visually striking and structurally daring.
Santiago Calatrava symbolises a perfect blend of architecture and engineering capabilities at their best. Being a sculptor and a Painted only added to it and he though unknowingly advocated the philosophy of what a true Designer should be, encompassing all form of arts. He carried out extensive studies of anatomy of human, birds and animals and truly so his designs reflected his philosophy. Calatrava’s dynamic designs integrate technology and aesthetics producing structural forms that challenge traditional practice in both architecture and engineering.
His Impact - His Projects:
World Trade Center Transportation Hub, New York
Valencia Opera House, Valencia, Spain (part of City of Arts and Sciences)
Atlanta Symphony Center, Atlanta
Trinity River Bridges, Dallas
80 South Street building, New York
Chicago Spire, Chicago
Bach de Roda - Felipe II Bridge Barcelona, Spain (1984-1987)
Stadelhofen Station, Zurich Switzerland (1990)
Oriente Station,Lisbon Portugal (1993-1998)
Bilbao Airport (Nov 2000)
Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, 2001
Tenerife Opera House, Tenerife, Spain, 2003
Sundial Bridge at Turtle Bay, Redding, Calif., 2004, shown above
Olympic Sports Complex, Athens, Greece, 2004
Turning Torso tower, Malmo, Sweden, 2005